Government Business Relations in the European Community

by Michael Calingaert



This article explores the dynamics of business participation in policy making in the European Community. The government-business relationship in Europe differs from the U.S. model in four significant ways. First, the process is less transparent and formal than in the United States. Second, much of the interaction takes place out of public sight. Third, the tone of the relationship is more consensual and less confrontational. And fourth, because of the European parliamentary system there is no equivalent to the strong and direct role played by the U.S. Congress. The private sector's input with the European Parliament is far less extensive and structured than with the U.S. Congress.

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