Textile and Fur Labeling Legislation

by Marshall Howard



The Wool Products Labeling Act of 1939, the Fur Products Labeling Act of 1951, and the Textile Fiber Products Identification Act of 1958. These Acts are the precursors of the so-called truth laws to which Congress has paid considerable attention as part of the consumer protection movement. The genesis of these three pieces of legislation is in itself informative. It is clear that these earlier statutes were passed because of a felt need on the part of members of these industries to bring certain aspects of competition under social control. The 1969 Report of the American Bar Association Commission to Study the Federal Trade Commission refers to these three labeling statutes as being protectionist and primarily aimed at protecting producers rather than consumers. These three pieces of legislation were unique for their time in that they authorized and directed the Federal Trade Commission to make such rules and regulations as were necessary for prescribing the required labeling information.

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